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Cost of PPR vaccination in Ethiopia estimated

A study led by The Pirbright Institute has created the first framework for determining the true cost of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) vaccine campaigns based on case studies in Ethiopia. The new approach to cost estimation is important for the Global Control and Eradication Strategy launched by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and […]

Limiting the spread of bluetongue in northern Europe

Scientists at the University of Liverpool have used mathematical modelling to identify why the 2007 UK outbreak of bluetongue was smaller than it could have been and to predict the future impact of the disease in northern Europe as the climate warms. A paper published in Scientific Reports suggests that a combination of geographic location, […]

EU report on trends and sources of zoonoses

There were only minor fluctuations in reported cases of three main zoonotic diseases in the EU in 2017 compared to 2016. The number of reported cases of salmonellosis and campylobacteriosis has remained stable over the past five years, although listeriosis continues to rise. After several years of decline, salmonellosis cases in the EU have flattened […]

Dogs play a key role in expansion of rabies in rural areas of China

Despite ongoing efforts to control transmission, rabies prevention remains a challenge in many developing countries, especially in rural areas of China where re-emerging rabies is under-reported due to a lack of sustained animal surveillance. Although dogs are known to be the primary reservoir and vector of human rabies in African and Asian countries, the epidemiology […]

EFSA update on African swine fever in Europe

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has published an update on the epidemiological situation of African swine fever (ASF) in Europe. In the latest report, experts assess the effectiveness of different measures that can be taken when a case of ASF is detected in an area that was previously disease-free and is far from affected […]

E. coli O157: study of super-shedding from cattle

Food Standards Scotland and the Food Standards Agency have published the report of a four year research project investigating Escherichia coli O157 high level excretion (super-shedding) from cattle in Great Britain and the threat this poses to human health. The research, undertaken by a consortium of scientists led by The Roslin Institute, the Moredun Research […]

FAO-OIE plan to keep the world free of rinderpest

To maintain the global freedom from rinderpest and prevent any re-introduction of the disease, FAO and OIE have developed a Global Rinderpest Action Plan. The plan is meant to be a guiding material for countries, outlining the responsibilities of all involved to maintain the freedom. “Eradicating rinderpest has made a major contribution to food security […]

Mutant H9N2 avian influenza viruses show enhanced zoonotic potential

Research led by The Pirbright Institute has shown that mutant influenza A(H9N2) viruses isolated from Pakistan are able to escape immune responses and adapt to infect humans. This could result in reduced vaccine efficiency in poultry and the possibility of human outbreaks. The researchers report in Emerging Infectious Diseases the discovery of small changes to […]

Animal movements have played a critical role in the spread of MRSA in Danish pigs

Pig movements have facilitated the spread of a few MRSA lineages highly adapted to the selection pressures exerted by antimicrobial use in pigs In a study published in mBio, Danish and U.S. researchers have shown that the rapid spread of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clonal complex 398 (LA-MRSA CC398) is due to the expansion of […]

International effort needed to combat antimicrobial resistance

Global leaders in animal health discussed new ideas and solutions to the rise of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) at a three-day event hosted by The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). The 2nd Global Conference on Antimicrobial Resistance and Prudent Use of Antimicrobial Agents in Animals (Marrakesh, Morocco, 29-31 October 2018) highlighted the need for cross-sector, […]