Regional News and Events
Regional Networks for Europe, Americas, Africa & Middle East, and Asia & Australasia.
Researchers have identified the molecular mechanisms that enable H9N2 viruses – the most common type of avian influenza virus – to infect humans, helping improve risk assessments for its potential to cause pandemic. Although H9N2 viruses are considered less pathogenic than some types of avian influenza virus, they still cause significant losses for the poultry […]
Researchers at the University of Bern have identified a new antibiotic resistance gene in Macrococcus caseolyticus strains from dairy cows. This gene confers resistance to all beta-lactam antibiotics including the last generation of cephalosporins used against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). A transfer to S. aureus (which is possible according to the researchers) would jeopardize the […]
A DNA-copying protein from African swine fever virus (ASFV) has a unique structure that may offer a target for drugs, according to a study published in PLoS Biology by Yiqing Chen and colleagues at Fudan University in Shanghai, China. Viral replication depends in part on a polymerase enzyme, AsfvPolX, that repairs breaks in the DNA, […]
Precision engineering renders target cells of PRRSV resistant to infection with the virus. Researchers have used advanced genetic techniques to produce pigs that are potentially resilient to Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS). Early tests have revealed that cells from the pigs are completely resistant to infection with both major subtypes of the virus that […]
Members of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) committed at the 39th Session of the FAO Conference (June 2015) to work on the issue of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) through Resolution 4/2015. The resolution calls upon both FAO members and the organization itself to address the threat posed by AMR to public health, agriculture production and […]
A mathematical model of tuberculosis transmission from cattle to humans has been used to estimate the disease cost and simulate potential interventions in Moroccan cattle. In many developing countries, a significant fraction of the tuberculosis burden comes potentially from the tuberculosis bacteria carried by animals, essentially cattle. Efforts to reduce the tuberculosis burden, therefore, must […]
Trade in livestock may contribute to the spread of insect-borne diseases, at a time when climate change is already modifying global vector distribution. Publications in PNAS and Scientific Reports reveal that trade in cattle is the main trigger factor for Rift Valley fever epidemics in Madagascar, and that, between two outbreaks, the virus persists in […]
New approach offers a simple and efficient method to manipulate the Turkey herpesvirus genome for rapid development of recombinant vaccines. Scientists at The Pirbright Institute have used genetic engineering to develop a more efficient and effective vaccine for Marek’s disease, which could pave the way for a new generation of poultry disease vaccines. Marek’s disease virus (MDV) […]
Households directed the increased income resulting from East Coast fever vaccination into childhood education and food purchase. A study of Kenyan pastoralist households, has found that vaccination against East Coast fever provides significant net income benefits from reduction in livestock mortality, increased milk production, and savings by reducing antibiotic and acaricide treatments. Households spent the […]
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