“Global Strategic Alliances for the Coordination of Research on the Major Infectious Diseases of Animals and Zoonoses”

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NEWS

Transmission dynamics of zoonotic tuberculosis in Morocco

A mathematical model of tuberculosis transmission from cattle to humans has been used to estimate the disease cost and simulate potential interventions in Moroccan cattle. In many developing countries, a significant fraction of the tuberculosis burden comes potentially from the tuberculosis bacteria carried by animals, essentially cattle. Efforts to reduce the tuberculosis burden, therefore, must include strategies to reduce incidence of the bacteria in animals using a “One Health” approach. Researchers reporting in PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases have used a disease modelling approach to analyse the cost and effectiveness of interventions aimed at bovine tuberculosis among cattle in Morocco. Around 18 percent of cattle in Morocco carry Mycobacterim bovis, which can be transmitted to humans through consumption of raw milk or from contact with infected animals. One previous [...]

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Rift Valley fever epidemics in Madagascar linked to livestock trading

Trade in livestock may contribute to the spread of insect-borne diseases, at a time when climate change is already modifying global vector distribution. Publications in PNAS and Scientific Reports reveal that trade in cattle is the main trigger factor for Rift Valley fever epidemics in Madagascar, and that, between two outbreaks, the virus persists in some parts of the island. This work, by researchers from CIRAD, the Institut Pasteur in Madagascar and the University of Oxford, with their partners from the veterinary and public health services in Madagascar, OIE, FAO and WHO, should serve to pinpoint the most vulnerable populations and improve human and animal surveillance networks. The past 25 years have been marked by a resurgence in Rift Valley fever and by its geographic spread. After eastern [...]

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Marek’s disease: new gene editing technique aids vaccine development.

New approach offers a simple and efficient method to manipulate the Turkey herpesvirus genome for rapid development of recombinant vaccines. Scientists at The Pirbright Institute have used genetic engineering to develop a more efficient and effective vaccine for Marek’s disease, which could pave the way for a new generation of poultry disease vaccines. Marek’s disease virus (MDV) is currently controlled by vaccination and over 20 billion vaccine doses are administered worldwide each year. Herpesvirus of turkeys (HVT) or Meleagrid herpesvirus 1 is widely used in the development of avian vaccines as a method of delivering elements of avian pathogens into birds to create the immune response that protects them against disease. The technologies currently available for creating HVT recombinant vaccines are difficult and time consuming to use. In the case [...]

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Vaccinating against East Coast fever increases income of pastoralist households

Households directed the increased income resulting from East Coast fever vaccination into childhood education and food purchase. A study of Kenyan pastoralist households, has found that vaccination against East Coast fever provides significant net income benefits from reduction in livestock mortality, increased milk production, and savings by reducing antibiotic and acaricide treatments. Households spent the additional money on food and education. The researchers found that when fewer cattle died from the disease, girls were more likely to attend secondary school. They report their findings in Science Advances. “When households vaccinate, it increases their wealth and income and sets them on a trajectory to provide education for their children,” said lead author Tom Marsh, at Washington State University. “Vaccinating is a way for households to pull themselves out of [...]

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EVENTS

ISAH 2017

ISAH – 18th International Congress on Animal Hygiene

This year the Congress is focused on one health, a concept supported by the World Organization for Animal Health and the World Health Organization that allows to globally, collaboratively and integrally broach animal health and public health. Animal hygiene is a pillar to both, producing food without considering these factors would be senseless. Since such a concept identifies the synergy among animals, humans and environment, it is a constant within these congresses, which give continuity to international collaborations that have been periodically taking place. And is precisely this continuity that has laid the foundations to establish new paradigms at the national level. Dominant animal production methods have widely contributed to global warming and they have also led to the use and abuse of antibiotics and hormones, causing one [...]

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17th Indian Veterinary Congress & XXIV Annual Conference of IAAVR

17th Indian Veterinary Congress & XXIV Annual Conference of Indian Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Research (IAAVR) & National Symposium “New Generation Vaccines, Diagnostics for Improvement of Animal & Poultry Health & Productivity vis-à-vis Genomic Interventions for the Societal Benefit.” [Rescheduled]. Contact: Dr. Rishendra Verma Email: rishendra_verma@yahoo.com http://iaavr.org/

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Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases, Livestock Research Group

http://globalresearchalliance.org/updates/ Contact:   secretariat@globalresearchalliance.org

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Vaccinology in Africa Master’s Level Course

The 2017 ‘Vaccinology in Africa’ Master’s Level Course is open to applications from students, researchers and professionals resident in East Africa. The course covers the main aspects of human and veterinary vaccinology, the vaccine development process, biomanufacturing, clinical trials, regulatory and ethical issues, highlighting human and veterinary links and synergies from scientific, technological and regulatory perspectives. The course is jointly organised by the host institution, MUII-Plus (Makerere University-UVRI Centre of Excellence for Infection & Immunity Research and Training) in Entebbe, Uganda, and the Jenner Institute, University of Oxford. Participation is competitive and places are allocated based on individual applications. 20 places are available for local residents of Uganda which will cover course fees, travel within Uganda, accommodation and meals during the course. A further 20 bursaries are available [...]

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8th International Conference on Emerging Zoonoses

8th International Conference on Emerging Zoonoses with an emphasis on Emerging and Transboundary Infectious Diseases, which will take place in Manhattan, Kansas, May 7 – 10, 2017. There is a significantly raised awareness that zoonoses and transboundary diseases threaten both human and animal health. Therefore, research and policy should focus on a “One Health” perspective in local, national, and international environments. To properly address these issues, the conference plans to have special workshops which will be organized by experts in their fields. Potential topics might include:  the ecology of emerging zoonotic and transboundary diseases; the role of wildlife in emerging zoonoses and transboundary diseases; cross-species transmission of zoonotic and transboundary pathogens; emerging and neglected influenza viruses; hemorrhagic fever viruses; emerging and transboundary bacterial diseases; outbreak responses to zoonotic [...]

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American Academy of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics (AAVPT) 2oth Biennial Symposium

The theme for this year’s AAVPT biennial meeting is “The Role of Veterinary Pharmacology in One Health.” It explore the multifaceted challenges faced as veterinary pharmacologists seek to meet the therapeutic needs associated with veterinary species while engaging in efforts to better understand the commonality in physiology, pharmacokinetics, and disease targets that define our One World Health. www.aavpt.org/page/20Biennial

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