External News

African swine fever diagnosed in China – first report

The first outbreak of African swine fever in China has been confirmed on 3 Aug 2018 by Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China. China has the largest pig population in the world (433 million) and represents over half of the global pig herd. The outbreak occurred in a backyard farm in Shenbei New District, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province. The outbreak began on 1 August. Sequencing analysis showed that the 417 bp of B646L/p72 gene of the ASFV in China shared 100% identity with the current prevalent Georgian strain( Georgia 2007) which is currently spreading in Russia and Eastern Europe.

 

 

Spillover of Swine Coronaviruses, United States

(July 2018) PEDV has rapidly spilled over into feral swine populations

Prevalence of Bovine Tuberculosis in India: A systematic review and meta?analysis

(08/06/2018) Study suggests that attempts to eliminate tuberculosis from humans will require simultaneous consideration of bTB control in cattle population in countries such as India.

Recent advances in viral vectors in veterinary vaccinology – a review

(01/06/2018) A review of viral vectored vaccines, particularly using vectors such as adenovirus, herpesvirus and poxviruses, which are used widely in veterinary medicine, where this technology has been adopted much more quickly than in human medicine.

Orf – review of a re-emerging disease of sheep and goats

(01/06/2018) Orf disease is endemic in small ruminants in Asia, Africa, and some other parts of the world. Caused by orf virus, it is highly contagious in small ruminants.

Comparison of Heterosubtypic Protection in Ferrets and Pigs Induced by a Single-Cycle Influenza Vaccine

(04/06/2018) Universal flu vaccine candidate induces different immune responses in pigs compared to ferrets – pigs may be a better model for human disease

Endemic and emerging arboviral diseases of livestock in Nigeria: a review

(07/06/2018) The true economic and public health impact of these diseases are likely to be underestimated, mainly due to under-reporting or lack of awareness of them.

Pathogenesis of Mycobacterium bovis Infection: the Badger Model As a Paradigm for Understanding Tuberculosis in Animals

(15/01/2018) A review of the how knowledge of pathogenesis can be used to evaluate intervention strategies, and how the badger can be a model for understanding pathogenesis of tuberculosis in any affected wild animal species.

Molecular epidemiology, evolution and phylogeny of foot-and-mouth disease virus

(02/02/2018) Using nucleotide sequencing technologies, the rapid evolution of the viral genome can be followed, allowing tracing of virus transmission pathways within an outbreak