Foot and mouth disease

Foot and mouth disease

Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease that primarily affects cloven-hooved livestock and wildlife. Although adult animals generally recover, the morbidity rate is very high in naïve populations, and significant pain and distress occur in some species. Where it is endemic it causes significant economic losses and restricts livestock trade. Introduction of the disease into areas previously free can result in very high losses, such as in the UK in 2001.

The Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is a member of the genus Aphthovirus in the family Picornaviridae. There are seven major viral serotypes: O, A, C, SAT 1, SAT 2, SAT 3 and Asia 1. Serotype O is the commonest serotype worldwide. Most species of Artiodactyla order are thought to be susceptible to some degree: important livestock hosts include cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, water buffalo and yaks. Cattle are important maintenance hosts in most areas.

STAR-IDAZ is a partner in the Global Foot-and-Mouth Research Alliance (GFRA) which aims to establish and sustain global research partnerships to generate scientific knowledge and discover the tools for prevention, control, and eradication of FMD. The current state of FMD research is covered in the Annual state-of-the art report on animal health research on IRC priorities

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