Tag: cattle

E. coli O157: study of super-shedding from cattle

Food Standards Scotland and the Food Standards Agency have published the report of a four year research project investigating Escherichia coli O157 high level excretion (super-shedding) from cattle in Great Britain and the threat this poses to human health. The research, undertaken by a consortium of scientists led by The Roslin Institute, the Moredun Research […]

Pathogenic Leptospira strains identified in Uruguay cattle

Leptospirosis is a neglected zoonosis with worldwide distribution. Among many other mammalian species, Leptospira infects cattle, eliciting acute signs in calves, and chronic disease in adult animals often leading to abortions. In South America, beef and dairy export are leading sources of national income. Despite the importance of bovine health, food safety, and bovine-related dissemination […]

Are best practice principles of worm control being deployed at farm level?

Because of the increasing prevalence of drug resistant parasites, more sustainable approaches to worm control need to be deployed on farms to protect anthelmintic efficacy. These ‘best practice’ approaches include the appropriate application of dewormers and the use of evidence-based protocols involving diagnostics, to inform the need for anthelmintic treatments, alongside management practices designed to […]

Ruminant livestock are important hosts of Leptospira in northern Tanzania

Leptospirosis, which affects more than one million people worldwide each year, is known to be transmitted to humans from a wide range of animals. Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have discovered that more than 7 percent of the cattle and 1 percent of sheep and goats in local slaughterhouses in northern Tanzania […]

Study reveals dynamic state of bTB epidemiology in Cameroon

Dr Adrian Muwonge and Professor Mark Bronsvoort from The Roslin Institute and colleagues from the UK, Cameroon, Nigeria and Chad conducted the largest molecular epidemiological study of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in a sub-Saharan African country to understand the incidence and diversity of the disease throughout Cameroon. Their findings are published in Scientific Reports. They collected […]

Foot and mouth disease: impact of preclinical diagnosis on farm-to-farm transmission

Preclinical detection of Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) during outbreaks has the potential to allow earlier culling of infected herds and thereby reduce transmission and aid the control of epidemics. During an outbreak of foot and mouth disease, current control and eradication methods rely on rapid clinical detection and the removal of infected herds. In a […]

Novel antibiotic resistance gene in milk

Researchers at the University of Bern have identified a new antibiotic resistance gene in Macrococcus caseolyticus strains from dairy cows. This gene confers resistance to all beta-lactam antibiotics including the last generation of cephalosporins used against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). A transfer to S. aureus (which is possible according to the researchers) would jeopardize the […]