Tag: Foot-and-mouth disease virus

Scientific meeting of the Global Foot and Mouth disease Research Alliance, Buenos Aires, Argentina

This meeting of leading scientists will bring together a broad range of international researchers who will share their diverse research issues in foot and mouth disease

Case of FMDV in dogs after eating infected meat

A case report filed by scientists at The Pirbright Institute details the first instance of naturally acquired foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection in dogs. In this unusual case reported in BMC Veterinary Research, FMDV was identified in a sample of heart tissue received by Pirbright’s diagnostic laboratory, the World Reference Laboratory for Foot-and-Mouth Disease (WRLFMD). […]

Environmental transmission of foot-and-mouth disease virus

Scientists at The Pirbright Institute and Wageningen Bioveterinary Research have demonstrated that environments contaminated with foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) could potentially infect animals up to 14 days after removing infected cattle, providing evidence that should lead to more effective outbreak containment methods. While FMDV is spread through direct contact between animals, the virus can also […]

Universal FMDV test developed

A diagnostic test that can detect whether an animal has been infected by or vaccinated against any type of Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) has been developed by scientists at The Pirbright Institute and Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell’Emilia Romagna (IZSLER). The test could be used in countries where foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks are […]

Research sheds new light on molecular evolution of Foot-and-mouth disease virus

Research from The Pirbright Institute has shown that different populations of Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) swap sections of genetic material at a far higher rate than originally thought. It was previously believed that FMDV evolution is mainly driven by mutations caused by small copying errors that accumulate in the RNA genome of the virus when […]

Preclinical transmission of Foot-and-mouth disease virus studied in pigs

Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) spreads much more aggressively in pigs than previous research suggests, according to a study by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists. The study, published in Scientific Reports, shows that pigs infected with FMDV were highly contagious to other pigs just 24 hours after infection – long before showing any clinical signs […]

Creating FMDV hybrids for better vaccines

In collaborative research led by The Pirbright Institute, scientists have generated a hybrid Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) with improved stability, which will increase its effectiveness when administered as a vaccine. They targeted the Southern African Territories (SAT) 2 serotype viruses, which are among the least stable of the seven different types of FMDV. Developing vaccines […]

Study traces FMDV escape from Indian subcontinent

The seven different serotypes of Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) can be split further into lineages which normally exist in specific geographical areas or ‘pools’. Over the past five years, the geographical range of a serotype O lineage, named Ind-2001, has dramatically expanded into many countries in Asia and North Africa. Pirbright Institute researchers from the […]

FMDV contagion in carrier cattle

Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is believed to be one of the most contagious pathogens of animals in its acute form; however, there is still controversy over whether it is transmissible from asymptomatic, long-term carriers. Despite the lack of evidence for transmission by direct contact with FMDV carrier cattle, there is demonstrable contagion associated with these […]

Method developed to detect FMDV in the environment

Sampling the environment is an effective way to detect Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), according to a paper published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology. The sampling method, swabbing environmental surfaces where livestock are kept, can be easily performed and can detect viral genetic material that can persist in the environment well beyond the time when livestock […]